Hyaluronic acid is created naturally in the human body and is present in all tissues. It is an important compound since it serves numerous functions, the most important of these is assisting in water retention. It also supplies nutrients and cleans cells that are not supplied with blood directly, particularly, cartilage cells. The highest concentrations of the acid are discovered in cartilage, blood vessels, vitreous humor of the eyes, synovial joint fluid, skin, umbilical cord, and the extracellular matrix.
Hyaluronic acid has multiple jobs. Between the joints is a capsule that is made of synovial membrane. It secretes synovial fluid which has numerous functions such as lubrication and absorbing shock. The fluid contains a big quantity of hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronan therapies are given to patients of osteoarthritis to help control the condition. The acid is the only substance that is responsible for supplying cartilage cells with nutrients and removing waste materials. This is vital because cartilage does not have blood vessels. Most cartilage in the body is known as hyaline cartilage due to its interaction with the acid. The acid is also located in the extracellular matrix. This is the place between cells of the body. It serves to maintain moisture levels in the extracellular matrix and to remove waste materials.
The acid is an important element of skin cells. It helps to retain moisture levels in the skin. Hyaluronate injections are used to deemphasize signs of getting older such as wrinkles. The acid injected into the skin helps it to keep moisture which prevents wrinkling. It is also a good moisturizer and functions from the inside out. As you get older, there are modifications that occur in your skin which increase the probability of wrinkling. Production of hyaluronic acid decreases and there is re-compartmentalization of the skin. The outer layer of skin, consequently, gets a decreasing amount of the acid causing it to thin out and age. Hyaluronate injections help to enhance the quantity of acid in the skin.
Hyaluronic acid has been used for many years to treat certain medical conditions. Hyaluronan treatments, for example, have existed for over 20 years. They involve a direct injection of the acid into the synovial fluid of knees to treat osteoarthritis.
The acid is also popular in cosmetic procedures. It noticeably decreases depressions from scars, injuries or wrinkles enhancing the smoothness of the skin. The molecular size of the acid is very large compared to amino acids. This makes it challenging for the acid to be used as a nutritional supplement. A technique of decreasing the molecular mass without altering its chemical composition has been developed in Japan. This enables you to take the acid as an oral supplement.